Loom and knotting techniques

You can find a lot of interpretation concerning the patterns, symbolic figures and signs in oriental rugs. At the same time the people makeing the rugs is known as an art loving people, who sees a pattern as a piece of art in itself. Rugs often represent the artful inspiration of the knitters. Here you can see some different patterns and symbols found in oriental rugs.

Nomadic rugs are traditional knotted on small primitive horizontal looms, this is a practical necessity for the nomadic people because of their constant movement. Because of this, they normally do not produce rugs larger than 3 meters times 2 meters.


Often the rug is equipped with Kelim woven front edge. Following the front edge a line of knots make out the “pile”, where the pattern is created.


Before the rug is completed, it has to be cut very fine then washed and dried in the sun. The wash secures that the rug is clean, and any extra colours and dirt is removed. During the wash and dry the rug will shrink a little which gives a bit higher density. The process of washing and drying is just as important for the final result as the knotting.


Two of the most common knots used in Oriental rugs is:

The Ghiordes knot which is named after a town in northern Anatolia. The knot is put around two chain threads one time.

The Seneh knot is named after the town of Seneh. The technique is to put the knot around two chain threads one and a half time.